How Google Works Infographic…06.30.10

30 06 2010


Found by The Travelin’ Librarian

Infographic by PPC Blog

Approaching American Independence Day – “Founding Fathers” Declared Dependence on Creator God…06.30.10

30 06 2010


(Flag that flew over Ft. McHenry when the Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key)

Though some of America’s “founding fathers” who delivered to us the national freedom we all enjoy were actually deists—like Jefferson and Franklin, it is interesting to review the following thoughts by them about our dependence on a sovereign Creator:

George Washington

1st U.S. President

“While we are zealously performing the duties of good citizens and soldiers, we certainly ought not to be inattentive to the higher duties of religion. To the distinguished character of Patriot, it should be our highest glory to add the more distinguished character of Christian.”
–The Writings of Washington, pp. 342-343.

John Adams
2nd U.S. President and Signer of the Declaration of Independence

“Suppose a nation in some distant Region should take the Bible for their only law Book, and every member should regulate his conduct by the precepts there exhibited! Every member would be obliged in conscience, to temperance, frugality, and industry; to justice, kindness, and charity towards his fellow men; and to piety, love, and reverence toward Almighty God … What a Eutopia, what a Paradise would this region be.”
–Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, Vol. III, p. 9.

“The general principles on which the fathers achieved independence were the general principles of Christianity. I will avow that I then believed, and now believe, that those general principles of Christianity are as eternal and immutable as the existence and attributes of God.”
–Adams wrote this on June 28, 1813, in a letter to Thomas Jefferson.

“The second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable epoch in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary Festival. It ought to be commemorated, as the Day of Deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever.”
–Adams wrote this in a letter to his wife, Abigail, on July 3, 1776.

Thomas Jefferson
3rd U.S. President, Drafter and Signer of the Declaration of Independence

“God who gave us life gave us liberty. And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are of the Gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with His wrath? Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just; that His justice cannot sleep forever; That a revolution of the wheel of fortune, a change of situation, is among possible events; that it may become probable by Supernatural influence! The Almighty has no attribute which can take side with us in that event.”
–Notes on the State of Virginia, Query XVIII, p. 237.

“I am a real Christian – that is to say, a disciple of the doctrines of Jesus Christ.”
–The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, p. 385.

John Hancock
1st Signer of the Declaration of Independence

“Resistance to tyranny becomes the Christian and social duty of each individual. … Continue steadfast and, with a proper sense of your dependence on God, nobly defend those rights which heaven gave, and no man ought to take from us.”
–History of the United States of America, Vol. II, p. 229.

Benjamin Franklin
Signer of the Declaration of Independence and Unites States Constitution

“Here is my Creed. I believe in one God, the Creator of the Universe. That He governs it by His Providence. That He ought to be worshipped.

That the most acceptable service we render to him is in doing good to his other children. That the soul of man is immortal, and will be treated with justice in another life respecting its conduct in this. These I take to be the fundamental points in all sound religion, and I regard them as you do in whatever sect I meet with them.

As to Jesus of Nazareth, my opinion of whom you particularly desire, I think the system of morals and his religion, as he left them to us, is the best the world ever saw, or is likely to see;

But I apprehend it has received various corrupting changes, and I have, with most of the present dissenters in England, some doubts as to his divinity; though it is a question I do not dogmatize upon, having never studied it, and think it needless to busy myself with it now, when I expect soon an opportunity of knowing the truth with less trouble. I see no harm, however, in its being believed, if that belief has the good consequence, as probably it has, of making his doctrines more respected and more observed; especially as I do not perceive, that the Supreme takes it amiss, by distinguishing the unbelievers in his government of the world with any peculiar marks of his displeasure.”
–Benjamin Franklin wrote this in a letter to Ezra Stiles, President of Yale University on March 9, 1790.

Samuel Adams
Signer of the Declaration of Independence and Father of the American Revolution

“And as it is our duty to extend our wishes to the happiness of the great family of man, I conceive that we cannot better express ourselves than by humbly supplicating the Supreme Ruler of the world that the rod of tyrants may be broken to pieces, and the oppressed made free again; that wars may cease in all the earth, and that the confusions that are and have been among nations may be overruled by promoting and speedily bringing on that holy and happy period when the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ may be everywhere established, and all people everywhere willingly bow to the sceptre of Him who is Prince of Peace.”
–As Governor of Massachusetts, Proclamation of a Day of Fast, March 20, 1797.

James Madison

4th U.S. President

“Cursed be all that learning that is contrary to the cross of Christ.”
–America’s Providential History, p. 93.

James Monroe
5th U.S. President

“When we view the blessings with which our country has been favored, those which we now enjoy, and the means which we possess of handing them down unimpaired to our latest posterity, our attention is irresistibly drawn to the source from whence they flow. Let us then, unite in offering our most grateful acknowledgements for these blessings to the Divine Author of All Good.”
–Monroe made this statement in his 2nd Annual Message to Congress, November 16, 1818.

John Quincy Adams
6th U.S. President

“The hope of a Christian is inseparable from his faith. Whoever believes in the divine inspiration of the Holy Scriptures must hope that the religion of Jesus shall prevail throughout the earth. Never since the foundation of the world have the prospects of mankind been more encouraging to that hope than they appear to be at the present time. And may the associated distribution of the Bible proceed and prosper till the Lord shall have made ‘bare His holy arm in the eyes of all the nations, and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God’ (Isaiah 52:10).”
–Life of John Quincy Adams, p. 248.

William Penn
Founder of Pennsylvania

“I do declare to the whole world that we believe the Scriptures to contain a declaration of the mind and will of God in and to those ages in which they were written; being given forth by the Holy Ghost moving in the hearts of holy men of God; that they ought also to be read, believed, and fulfilled in our day; being used for reproof and instruction, that the man of God may be perfect. They are a declaration and testimony of heavenly things themselves, and, as such, we carry a high respect for them. We accept them as the words of God Himself.”
–Treatise of the Religion of the Quakers, p. 355.

Roger Sherman
Signer of the Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution

“I believe that there is one only living and true God, existing in three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, the same in substance equal in power and glory. That the scriptures of the old and new testaments are a revelation from God, and a complete rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him. That God has foreordained whatsoever comes to pass, so as thereby he is not the author or approver of sin. That he creates all things, and preserves and governs all creatures and all their actions, in a manner perfectly consistent with the freedom of will in moral agents, and the usefulness of means. That he made man at first perfectly holy, that the first man sinned, and as he was the public head of his posterity, they all became sinners in consequence of his first transgression, are wholly indisposed to that which is good and inclined to evil, and on account of sin are liable to all the miseries of this life, to death, and to the pains of hell forever.

I believe that God having elected some of mankind to eternal life, did send his own Son to become man, die in the room and stead of sinners and thus to lay a foundation for the offer of pardon and salvation to all mankind, so as all may be saved who are willing to accept the gospel offer: also by his special grace and spirit, to regenerate, sanctify and enable to persevere in holiness, all who shall be saved; and to procure in consequence of their repentance and faith in himself their justification by virtue of his atonement as the only meritorious cause.

I believe a visible church to be a congregation of those who make a credible profession of their faith in Christ, and obedience to him, joined by the bond of the covenant.

I believe that the souls of believers are at their death made perfectly holy, and immediately taken to glory: that at the end of this world there will be a resurrection of the dead, and a final judgement of all mankind, when the righteous shall be publicly acquitted by Christ the Judge and admitted to everlasting life and glory, and the wicked be sentenced to everlasting punishment.”
–The Life of Roger Sherman, pp. 272-273.

Benjamin Rush
Signer of the Declaration of Independence and Ratifier of the U.S. Constitution

“The Gospel of Jesus Christ prescribes the wisest rules for just conduct in every situation of life. Happy they who are enabled to obey them in all situations!”
–The Autobiography of Benjamin Rush, pp. 165-166.

“Christianity is the only true and perfect religion, and that in proportion as mankind adopts its principles and obeys its precepts, they will be wise and happy.”
–Essays, Literary, Moral, and Philosophical, published in 1798.

“I know there is an objection among many people to teaching children doctrines of any kind, because they are liable to be controverted. But let us not be wiser than our Maker.

If moral precepts alone could have reformed mankind, the mission of the Son of God into all the world would have been unnecessary. The perfect morality of the Gospel rests upon the doctrine which, though often controverted has never been refuted: I mean the vicarious life and death of the Son of God.”
–Essays, Literary, Moral, and Philosophical, published in 1798.

John Witherspoon
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Clergyman and President of Princeton University

“While we give praise to God, the Supreme Disposer of all events, for His interposition on our behalf, let us guard against the dangerous error of trusting in, or boasting of, an arm of flesh … If your cause is just, if your principles are pure, and if your conduct is prudent, you need not fear the multitude of opposing hosts.

What follows from this? That he is the best friend to American liberty, who is most sincere and active in promoting true and undefiled religion, and who sets himself with the greatest firmness to bear down profanity and immorality of every kind.

Whoever is an avowed enemy of God, I scruple not [do not hesitate] to call him an enemy of his country.”
–Sermon at Princeton University, “The Dominion of Providence over the Passions of Men,” May 17, 1776.

Alexander Hamilton
Signer of the Declaration of Independence and Ratifier of the U.S. Constitution

“I have carefully examined the evidences of the Christian religion, and if I was sitting as a juror upon its authenticity I would unhesitatingly give my verdict in its favor. I can prove its truth as clearly as any proposition ever submitted to the mind of man.”
–Famous American Statesmen, p. 126.

Patrick Henry
Ratifier of the U.S. Constitution

“It cannot be emphasized too strongly or too often that this great nation was founded, not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, but on the Gospel of Jesus Christ. For this very reason peoples of other faiths have been afforded asylum, prosperity, and freedom of worship here.”
–The Trumpet Voice of Freedom: Patrick Henry of Virginia, p. iii.

“The Bible … is a book worth more than all the other books that were ever printed.”
–Sketches of the Life and Character of Patrick Henry, p. 402.

John Jay
1st Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and President of the American Bible Society

“By conveying the Bible to people thus circumstanced, we certainly do them a most interesting kindness. We thereby enable them to learn that man was originally created and placed in a state of happiness, but, becoming disobedient, was subjected to the degradation and evils which he and his posterity have since experienced.

The Bible will also inform them that our gracious Creator has provided for us a Redeemer, in whom all the nations of the earth shall be blessed; that this Redeemer has made atonement “for the sins of the whole world,” and thereby reconciling the Divine justice with the Divine mercy has opened a way for our redemption and salvation; and that these inestimable benefits are of the free gift and grace of God, not of our deserving, nor in our power to deserve.”
–In God We Trust—The Religious Beliefs and Ideas of the American Founding Fathers, p. 379.

“In forming and settling my belief relative to the doctrines of Christianity, I adopted no articles from creeds but such only as, on careful examination, I found to be confirmed by the Bible.”
–American Statesman Series, p. 360.

Today many ask the question “Who is Jesus…Really?

Teaching Networked Literacy…06.30.10

30 06 2010

Thanks to Michael Stephens for pointing out Are We Teaching Networked Literacy which is excerpted here:

“…The pyramid represents the amount of time we spend teaching different types of literacy. Print Literacy is still the bases of our teaching in schools. Some of us and some schools are starting to bring digital literacy into the equation, but few of us are touching on or teaching Networked Literacy. In August as I started to think about this idea of Networked Literacy I came up with this working definition:

Networked literacy is what the web is about. It’s about understanding how people and communication networks work. It’s the understanding of how to find information and how to be found. It’s about how to read hyperlinked text articles, and understand the connections that are made when you become ‘friends’ or ‘follow’ someone on a network. It’s the understanding of how to stay safe and how to use the networked knowledge that is the World Wide Web. Networked Literacy is about understanding connections.

After today’s conversation I think it’s pretty close to what we were all thinking. It’s the idea of teaching students that they have networks in Facebook and through other web connections. We need to teach them how to use those networks to spread their message. Today many of us ed tech people do the networking for students via our twitter accounts, our own blogs, and the whole of our PLNs. Students today have networks, the issue is most of them are blocked in schools. We do not think of them as idea spreading networks but instead as social-networks that students must be kept from during school hours…”

Librarians: Information Overload & Personal Information Management…06.30.10

30 06 2010

The Internet Archive’s Open Library Offers E-Book Loans…06.30.10

30 06 2010

From the Internet Archive:

“Checking out digital versions of books that are automatically returned after two weeks is as easy as logging onto the Internet Archive’s Open Library site, announced digital librarian and Internet Archive founder Brewster Kahle. By integrating this new service, more than seventy thousand current books – best sellers and popular titles – are borrowable by patrons of libraries that subscribe to’s Digital Library Reserve. Additionally, many other books that are not commercially available but are still of interest to library patrons, are available to be borrowed from participating libraries using the same digital technology.

According to Kahle, ‘Digital technologies promise increased access to both old and new books. The Internet Archive, through its site, is thrilled to be adding the capacity to lend newer books over the internet, in addition to continuing to provide the public with all access, free downloadable older materials.’ He added, ‘We expect the number of books in the digital lending library to grow annually.’…”

Designing Digital Experiences for Library Websites…06.30.10

30 06 2010

New Smartphone Comparison Chart..06.29.10

29 06 2010


Improving Presentation Skills…06.29.10

29 06 2010

Excerpted from Presentation Tools: An SEO’s New Best Friend?:

“…If it feels like your presentation skills aren’t up to snuff, supportive organizations can help (i.e., Toastmasters). Some of main points you’ll learn from a presentation program are to:

  • Practice, practice, practice: With practice you gain confidence. This doesn’t mean that you can’t adjust your presentation on the fly, but as long as you keep close to your prepared speech you’ll be able to stay on message.
  • Tell your story in a sequential fashion: Have a beginning, middle, and end. It’s amazing how many presentations just peter out somewhere in the middle, and don’t remind the audience of key points or takeaways at the end of the presentation.
  • Know your topic inside and out: Chances are you’re going to get asked questions. If you know your topic, that shouldn’t be a problem, but if you don’t…
  • Be prepared for a change to your schedule: One client presentation I gave was only eight slides long, but close to the end of the two-hour meeting, we were only on the second slide. The client had lots of questions that went off on different tangents, all related to the project.
  • Know your audience: Tailor your speech to their expectations and level. A presentation on the benefits of SEO to a group of executives may focus on the traffic and ROIopportunities, whereas a presentation to a group of writers will focus on basics or tools to use.
  • Be confident and feel confident when speaking: You’re the subject matter expert, so why shouldn’t you be confident? As you display that confidence it makes your audience fall in step with you, trust you more, and listen more attentively.
  • Listen and watch other presenters: Watch how others present topics, see how they use their voice, their body language, facial expressions, eye contact, hand gestures, etc., and adopt those that work as naturally as possible for you.
  • Seek feedback and identify your weak areas: If you have crutch words (e.g., “OK,” “aaand,” “erm,” “soooo”), work to eliminate them from your vocabulary.
  • Don’t apologize: If you mess up, take a deep breath and just pick up from where you left off.
  • Don’t make it up: If someone asks you a question that you don’t know the answer to, admit that you need to find out the answer and get back to them.
  • Use visual aids if it makes sense: Not all presentations have to use PowerPoint…”

Library Reference Tools for Interaction…06.29.10

29 06 2010

Digital Preservation Outreach and Education (DPOE)…06.28.10

28 06 2010

“In addition to reaching out to the general American public, the DPOE initiative has devised a pyramid to diagram the tiered audiences that are necessary to engage for the establishment of successful digital preservation programs throughout the nation…”

“Read more about the initatives planned for each audience represented in the DPOE pyramid (PDF). Read also an abbreviated DPOE SWOT analysis (PDF) for more information.

If you would like to learn more about the DPOE initiative, please contact us”

“QR Codes – using mobile phones to deliver library instruction and help at the point of need”…06.28.10

28 06 2010
“…This article outlines the practical uses we have found for QR codes, gives preliminary results of how those have been received by our library users in our pilot study and highlights the reluctance of many students to engage with this technology, which may need further investigation. It also looks forward to the potential use of alternative technologies such as RFID to deliver similar types
of information at the time and place of need that may not share similar barriers to entry with QR

How cognitive surplus will change the world…06.28.10

28 06 2010

The Yahoo! Style Guide: The Ultimate Sourcebook for Writing, Editing, and Creating Content for the Digital World…06.28.10

28 06 2010

The Yahoo! Style Guide: The Ultimate Sourcebook for Writing, Editing, and Creating Content for the Digital World

From Mashable:

“Yahoo has thrown its hat into the ring when it comes to offering an authoritative source on all things digital publishing, launching ‘The Yahoo! Style Guide: The Ultimate Sourcebook for Writing, Editing, and Creating Content for the Digital World.’

To an extent, the guide is an alternative to the AP Stylebook, which has long-defined the grammar, punctuation and style of editors –- both online and off…”

Watch Phones…06.28.10

28 06 2010

The selection and variety of watch cell phones is increasing rapidly.  Just do a regular web search for “watch phone” and you’ll find links to many pages of different watch phones available in a wide price range.

Google Books Releases Ancient Greek and Latin Texts…06.27.10

27 06 2010

“As part of its mission to make the world’s books searchable and discoverable, Google has digitized over five hundred ancient Greek and Latin books. We present them here downloadable as zip files of images and plain text, and as links to Google Books web pages where you can read them online in full or download PDFs. This collection was selected by Prof. Greg Crane and Alison Babeu of Tufts University, and compiled by Will Brockman and Jon Orwant of Google…”

The State of Social Marketing…06.27.10

27 06 2010

From Jeremiah Owyang:

“Social data is overwhelming.   More customers, buyers, and consumers are creating content everywhere they go.  Companies cannot scale to match this in a 1:1 basis, and most companies are in early phases of the 8 Stages of Listening.   Earlier this year, I made clear investments in researching the Social CRM space and Mobile+Social space (report forthcoming), it’s clear that Social CRM is starting to get wind under it’s wings, and mobile/social is certainly happening at consumer level.  So what do I see happening next?  Two trends, social analytics intelligence, and social business value networks, which I’ll discuss at a later time…”

ALA Library Advocacy Rally On Capitol Hill Tuesday…06.27.10

27 06 2010

WASHINGTON, D.C.– More than 1,000 librarians from across the country will defy the stereotype of their “quiet profession” and stand up for the needs of the public during the American Library Association’s (ALA) Library Advocacy Day featuring a rally at 11 a.m., June 29, 2010, on the U.S. Capitol grounds in Washington, D.C.

The rally, which is scheduled for the final day of the 2010 ALA Annual Conference, held June 24 – 29, is open to the public and will feature such speakers as  young adult author Lauren Myracle, U.S. Rep. Vern Ehlers (MI-3) and ALAPresident Camila Alire.

After the rally, ALA members will meet with their members of Congress and their staffs to drive home the needs and concerns of the libraries in their communities, which are facing local budget shortages at a time when the public is growing increasingly dependent on services. For more information about the event, go to  All media is invited to attend the rally.

WHO: American Library Association
WHAT: Library Advocacy Day Rally
WHEN: 11 a.m. June 29, 2010
WHERE: Upper Senate Park, U.S. Capitol Grounds

The American Library Association is the oldest and largest library association in the world, with more than 62,000 members. Its mission is to promote the highest quality library and information services and public access to information.

For more information on the 2010 Annual ALA Conference, please visit the ALA Conference Web site

Social Media in 2012…06.26.10

26 06 2010

OCLC’s WorldCat and Twitter…06.26.10

26 06 2010

From Catalogblog

Query WorldCat from Twitter.

#Ask4Stuff is a new, Twitter-based service that returns a WorldCat ["the world's largest library catalog"] search when you send a tweet with the tag #Ask4Stuff. So if you send the following tweet:#Ask4Stuff lake erie shipwreck

You’ll get a tweet back that says something like:

@YOURNAME A few things about lake erie shipwreck in #Ask4Stuff, check out

How Great Public Libraries Will Survive and Flourish…06.24.10

26 06 2010

Librarian Social Media Research Team…06.26.10

26 06 2010

Who are the Social Media Research Team (SMeRT) Librarians?

Advocacy, Outreach and the Nation’s Academic Libraries: A Call for Action…06.26.10

26 06 2010

New from ACRL: Advocacy, Outreach and the Nation’s Academic Libraries: A Call for Action, edited by William Welburn, Janice Welburn, and Beth McNeil.

History of the iPhone Infographic…06.25.10

25 06 2010

Digital Collections of the U.S. Library of Congress…06.25.10

25 06 2010

Redux: What is the future of the Library?…06.25.10

25 06 2010

IBM’s “Watson” Computer…06.15.10

25 06 2010

Excerpted from the NYT:

“…For the last three years, I.B.M. scientists have been developing what they expect will be the world’s most advanced “question answering” machine, able to understand a question posed in everyday human elocution — “natural language,” as computer scientists call it — and respond with a precise, factual answer. In other words, it must do more than what search engines like Google and Bing do, which is merely point to a document where you might find the answer. It has to pluck out the correct answer itself. Technologists have long regarded this sort of artificial intelligence as a holy grail, because it would allow machines to converse more naturally with people, letting us ask questions instead of typing keywords. Software firms and university scientists have produced question-answering systems for years, but these have mostly been limited to simply phrased questions. Nobody ever tackled “Jeopardy!” because experts assumed that even for the latest artificial intelligence, the game was simply too hard: the clues are too puzzling and allusive, and the breadth of trivia is too wide.

With Watson, I.B.M. claims it has cracked the problem — and aims to prove as much on national TV. The producers of “Jeopardy!” have agreed to pit Watson against some of the game’s best former players as early as this fall…”

iPhone4 vs Droid Infographic…06.24.10

24 06 2010

From Mashable

2009-2010 Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study…06.24.10

24 06 2010

Summary of 2009-2010 Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study:

“… 67% of public libraries report that they are the only source of free public access to computers and the Internet in their communities.
• On average, public libraries provide 14.2 public computers per location, up from 11 computers one year ago.
• 76% of libraries report public use of Internet computers increased in 2009.
• 82% of libraries provide free wireless access, up from 37% only four years ago.
• 88% of libraries provide access to job databases and other job opportunity resources.
• 79% percent provide assistance to patrons applying for and accessing e-government services, up 23% from last year.
• 89% of libraries offer formal or informal technology assistance to library users, and 24% offer one-on-one technology training by appointment.
• 15% of all libraries report decreased hours of operation – triple the number that reported this was the case one year ago. This translates to lost hours at more than 2,400 library branches. Nearly one quarter of urban libraries report reduced hours….”

Digital Literacy and Minority Communities…06.24.10

24 06 2010

QR Codes Featured in Reference Renaissance 2010 Program…06.24.10

24 06 2010

From the BCR and LYRASIS press release:

“…With over 60 papers, reports from the field and workshops as well as Pecha Kuchas and lightning talks, this national conference presents an opportunity for all reference practitioners and scholars to explore the evolving nature of reference and the possibility to take reference services to the next level.

The keynote address will be given by Andrew Walsh, Academic Librarian at the University of Huddersfield (UK). Walsh speaks and publishes frequently on the use of QR Codes, mobile phones and social networking tools to deliver library instruction and help at the point of need. He won a University, College and Research Group Innovation Award in 2009 for a project pioneering the use of mobile phone friendly information skills..”


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